Monday, June 3, 2019
Proof For The Existence Of God Philosophy Essay
Proof For The Existence Of God Philosophy EssayOpinions relatingin favor of and in opposition to the earthly concern of God m opposite been controversial from many years as anticipated by philosophers, theologians, scientists, and others. The discussion with reference to the followence of God is very traditional and most argued debates in humankind history. The creative activity of God is a matter of debate in philosophy,thephilosophy of religion, andpopular culture. This report presents the different sides and opinions of philosophers that at different time periods argued about the existence of God and its need as well as the analysis of different views to present the controversial topic in detail.Definition of GodIn coetaneous Western culture, the perception of God norm eachy relates to amonotheistic, superlative, eventual, and personal organism. This view is mostly originated from Christian and Hebrew traditions.Traditional viewportrayed God as having perfection in almost every thing. Many religions and different societies believe that God is a body that nookynot be defined. They alleged that this act can deny the first-class nature of God. Some traditional philosophical approaches defined God as the prime mover or the uncaused cause, the ultimate creator, or a being that than which nothing greater can be conceived. (Steve Rudd, 2012)Arguments for the existence of GodAquinas Five Ways argued that the God exists and its needful to prove this controversy. The summarized points from that literature be discussed on a lower floorTheargument relating unmoved moveremphasized that, we experience motion in the universe from where we assume that on that point exists an initial mover. Aquinas phoneed that the motion is created because of an unmoved intention in that locationfore there must be an unmoved mover.Aquinasanother view discussed that from first causefoundation it is impracticable for an organism to create itself. Therefore, it predicts that there mu st be a first cause that is itself uncaused.The argument fromnecessary beingdecl atomic number 18s that all organisms areconditional which means that they withal have pickax of non existence. Aquinas therefore sets his point that if everything chooses not to exist, then we may not have anything in the universe. But as things exist now, there must exist a being regarded as God withnecessary existence.Aquinasargued from degree of goodness that there are always things that are good or underside from others. He believed that there must be a maximum goodness which causes all goodness.Theteleological argumentasserts the view that unthinking(a) things are ordered to be in position. Aquinas concentrates on the view that unintelligent objects can only be ordered by an intelligent being, which proves that there must be an intelligent being God to move objects to specific purpose.(Theodore Gracyk, 2004)The ontological argument was presented by philosophers includingSt. AnselmandRen Desca rtes. The argument puts forward that the existence of God is obvious and self-evident. The formulation of logic they proposed is presented on a lower floorGod is the greatest conceivable being.It is greater to exist than not to exist.Therefore, God exists.(Oppy and Graham, 1996 revised in 2011)Different philosophers argued that the existence of God in not necessary because there is no proof that if something is predictive or superlative it also exists. The debate was controversial and is also in modern time builds up the arguments to answer that either God exist or not and if its existence is necessary.Arguments from historical events or personagesChristianityandJudaismbelieve that God interfered and shows his existence in almost every specific event and situations in history. Those events and the interference proved that there is empirical evidence that God exists. For example the event of Exodusand the giving of theTen Commandmentsin breast of all the tribes of Israel.The Resurr ection of Jesus argues that there is adequate historical confirmation for resurrection of Jesus to support his asserts to be the son of God which proved the Gods existence.This argument stem from theChristological argument.Islamargued that the revelation of its holy book, theQuran, justifies its heavenly authorship, and thus the existence of God.The bible that is Holy book of Christians argued that there is one mighty and strong being in the universe, which declares the existence of God.(Dr. Andrew Corbett, 2009)Hindu argumentsMost schools of Hinduism believe that there is existence of God but some of them dont believe that. Law of karma provide basis of the existence of God. They believe that the actions of karma are not performed by humans and one own self so there must be an existence of God to control and monitor all karmatic actions. They also believe that fruits of karma are transferred and dispensed through a body that is known as God and thus proved the existence. (Siyam, 20 12)Arguments from testimonyArguments from testimony are based on experience of witnesses, possibly exemplifying the intentions of a specificrevealedreligion.It is the fundamental of rationality that one should accept testimony except there are powerful motives for not doing so.Arguments against the existence of GodEach of the following arguments aims at showing either that a particular subset of gods does not exist through contradictions in arguments or that there is insufficient reason to believe in them. Some arguments are discussed below that present the opposite and inappropriate views relating existence of God. experimental argumentsEmpirical arguments depend onempirical datain order to prove their conclusions.The major arguments can be derived from the traditional and religiousscriptures like the JewishTanakh, theChristianBible, theMuslimQuran,HinduVedas. The understanding of scripture provide basis to the knowledge of Gods existence.The theist arguments relating existence of God and its fundamentals are calledtheodicies.Theargument from nonbelieverscontests the existence of an omnipotent God who wants humans to believe in him by arguing that such a god would do a better job of gathering believers.(Lawrence Croker, 2011)deductive argumentsDeductive arguments attempt to prove their conclusions bydeductive reasoningfrom true premises.TheUltimate Boeing 747 gambitis a counter-argument to theargument from design. The argument rests on the view that there is a causality that creates complex structures and design. So the God, we are talking about, should be as complicated as all things He has created in the universe. This situation also requires a designer. And its designer would also require a designer, ad infinitum. Therefore the views create infinite contradiction that there is a need of another designer to create a complex being.Theomnipotence paradoxrecommends that the perception of anomnipotentbeing is rationally conflicting, for instance, for this pu rpose, questions like is GOD have all the authority? or can a mountain be created by God, so big that it cannot be moved by Himself.The Omniscience paradox demonstrates a different angle of the omnipotence paradox. Omnipotent and omniscience differ with with concept of existence of God.Theproblem of hellis the idea that everlasting damnation for actions committed in a finite existence contradicts Godsomnibenevolenceoromnipresence.A contradictory argument against theCosmological argumenti.e. chicken or egg is based on supposition that things cannot subsist without creators therefore should also apply to God establishment and existence. This also lays foundation that existence of universe as a second cause.Theological noncognitivism also contradict the god-concept by showing that scientific test cannot assure it.This argument says that if God is morally perfect, omniscient and omnipotent, than instead of imperfect human beings, He would have created other morally perfect beings.(Jo hn Shook, 2011)Inductive argumentsInductive arguments predict existence of God based oninductive reasoning.Theatheist-existentialistargument that it is impossible to present existence of a perfect sentient being. It also argued that ifexistence comes onward spirit, itfollows fromthe connotation of the expressionsentient that a sentient being cannot be inclusive or perfect.No reason argument attempts to reveal that an omniscient or omnipotent probably have no reason to do it in this way, especially the creation of universe, as it may likely to have no wants, needs, or desires etc. as these concepts are strictly relevant to human beings. so omnipotent god cannot exist until the universe exists.Since the universe exists, there is a contradiction, and therefore, an The other argument known as historical induction concludes that since most theistic religions all the way through narration and their gods ultimately come to be considered as fictitious or mistaken, all theistic religions, i ncluding contemporary ones, are therefore most likely untrue and incorrect by induction.(John Shook, 2011)Subjective argumentsSimilar to the unobjectivearguments for the existence of God are contradictory with the supernatural that chiefly based on the testimony or experience of witnesses, or the suggestions of arevealedreligionin common.The spectator argument provides trustworthiness to personal witnesses, contemporary and from the past, who disbelieve or strongly doubt the existence of God.The disappointment argument claims that if, when asked for, there is no ocular help from God, there is any reason to believe that there is a God.(John Shook, 2011)ConclusionsConclusions on the existence of God can be categorized along abounding axes, producing a variety of vies about the existence and non existence of God.Theismand atheismare positions of tenet (or lack of it), whileGnosticismandagnosticismare positions of knowledge (or the lack of it)is concerns belief regarding Gods concept ual coherence.Apatheismconcerns belief on the subject of the practical importance of whether God exists or not.The above discussion presents both views of the different philosophers and testimonies relating God existence. The views presented above are justified and contradicted based on different arguments and discussions based on several philosophical authors and religions therefore clearing the views of both sides that either God exist or not exist. The topic is still controversial and several philosophers are still arguing and practice their specific opinions relating this fact.