Monday, October 21, 2019

Mesopotamia essays

Mesopotamia essays Before man started recording history, the beginning of civilisation, they were hunter-gatherers. This meant they moved around from place to place using only what they needed from the natural resources. Historical evidence, though fragmentary, suggests that once they started domesticating the animals they were hunting and the seeds of the plants they were gathering there was no need to constantly move. One of the earliest areas that we have historical evidence on is Mesopotamia. Mesopotamia was an area in and around the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. At the southern base of these two rivers, where they join, are alluvial flood plains. Both rivers are surrounded by land which is mainly very hot desert and marshes, much as it is today. We know they had started herding and developed agriculture around small villages. The evidence shows men developed as they do today. From the fragments we do have we know that cultures and social rolls changed according to changed circumstances. The new knowledge was passed on from one generation from the next and improved upon. It seems that settled villages encouraged people from the hills to gather in these villages. More people meant more herding and agriculture, more permanent fixtures to house the larger populations and the food. The different peoples brought with them different knowledges and as they all integrated significant technologies we re passed on and developed. Some of the significant technologies they developed were baked clay, used for bricks for homes, pottery, urns and other kitchen utensils, and also for calved statues and ornaments. It is these technologies, that archaeologists have dug up, that we get most of the knowledge about this culture. The reason they used clay was that it was readily available. There does not seem to be too much stone. Although some stone axes have been found. They would have seen that when the fertile clay was dried out in the sun it became ro ...

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